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Susan R. Snyder, Alessandra M. Favoretto, Rich Ann Baetz, James H. Derzon, Bereneice M. Madison, Diana Mass, Colleen S. Shaw, Christopher D. Layfield, Robert H. Christenson, Edward B. Liebow 2012. Effectiveness of Practices to Reduce Blood Culture Contamination: A Laboratory Medicine Best Practices Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Clinical Biochemistry 45 (2012) 999–1011.

Casey Dempsey PharmD, Erik Skoglund PharmD, Kenneth L. Muldrew MD, MPH, Kevin W. Garey PharmD, MS. Economic health care costs of blood culture contamination: A systematic review.


MD Tech Review Kurin The new standard for blood culture collection ISSN 2691-4085 December 24, 2020


Charlotte Marcelino, MAN, RN, CEN, SSBB, CPHQ, Jan Shepard, MSN, RN NPD-BC, CCRN-k, CSSGB, Sacramento, CA A Quality Improvement Initiative on Reducing Blood Culture Contamination in the Emergency Department. J Emerg Nurs 2023; 49:162-71

Fredric Zimmerman, Marc V. Assous, Shoshana Zevin, Yonit Weiner - Well Reducing blood culture contamination using an initial specimen diversion device.

A. Lalezari, M.J. Cohen, O. Svinik, O. Tel-Zur, S. Sinvani, Y. Abed Al-Dayem, C. Block, A.E. Moses, Y. Oster, S. Salameh, J. Strahilevitz.  A simplified blood culture sampling protocol for reducing contamination and costs: a randomized controlled trial.

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